Laser welding is the process of using a high-energy laser beam to merge metal components. The process involves directing a laser beam onto the surfaces of materials. It melts them at the welding spot and then allows them to solidify into a joint. It is widely applied across industries due to its ability to create strong, precise welds with minimal distortion.
When selecting a laser for welding applications, several key parameters are carefully considered to ensure optimal performance and desired results. These parameters collectively shape the detailed process of laser welding and deliver excellent results in diverse industrial applications.
Materials Suitable for Laser Welding
Laser welding techniques exhibit versatility and can be applied to a wide range of materials. Here are some of the typical materials compatible with laser welding:
Specific types of plastics such as thermoplastics can be melted and solidified repeatedly using laser welding processes. Examples include:
Laser welding can join composites with diverse constituents, such as:
Laser welding is capable of bonding diverse materials, including dissimilar metals. It can successfully weld dissimilar metal pairs like copper-nickel, nickel-titanium, copper-titanium, titanium-molybdenum, brass-copper, and low-carbon steel-copper, given specific conditions.
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