Fraunhofer IAF has expanded its state-of-the-art research infrastructure and further improved the conditions for the development of pioneering semiconductor technologies. With the support of the German federal government, the state of Baden-Württemberg as well as the BMVg, a laboratory building and an MOCVD hall were built, enabling the institute to intensify its activities in the fields of optoelectronics, quantum technologies, and materials science. The official inauguration of the new buildings took place on June 30, 2022.
Two new research buildings enable the researchers at the Fraunhofer Institute for Applied Solid State Physics IAF to continue to develop innovative, state-of-the-art technologies based on compound semiconductors. With the new laboratory building for optoelectronic measurement technology and quantum sensor technology and the new plant hall for metal organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD), the institute is laying the foundation for the strategic further development of its core competencies. The new buildings, financed by funds from the federal government, the state of Baden-Württemberg and the Federal Ministry of Defense (BMVg), were inaugurated on June 30, 2022 and meet high standards in terms of energy efficiency, sustainability and structural dynamics.
The great benefits of the new buildings for the institute are explained by the head of research infrastructure, Dr. Martin Walther: “The new laboratories provide our scientists with even better research conditions. In particular, the application laboratories for quantum sensing and laser spectroscopy significantly expand the opportunities for cooperation with partners from industry and research. The new MOCVD hall has also enabled us to enlarge our epitaxy equipment park, further increase the level of material quality and reproducibility, and at the same time ensure significantly more efficient operation.” The Executive Director of Fraunhofer IAF, Prof. Dr. Rüdiger Quay, also emphasizes: “I am very pleased that the buildings exceed the requirements of the German Energieeinsparverordnung EnEV (Energy Saving Ordinance) and feature CO2-neutral construction elements. This is an important signal for our plan to achieve climate neutrality by 2030 together with the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft.”Greetings during the opening ceremony were given by Rüdiger Quay and Freiburg's building mayor, Prof. Dr. Martin Haag. They cut the ribbon together with the managing director of Freiburg Wirtschaft Touristik Messe GmbH & Co. KG (FWTM), Hanna Böhme. In addition to representatives of various Fraunhofer institutions, the invited guests included Gabriele Rolland from the state parliament of Baden-Württemberg, Prof. Dr. Stefan Glunz and Prof. Dr. Frank Balle from the Institute for Sustainable Technical Systems (INATECH) at the University of Freiburg, Prof. Dr. Jürgen Wöllenstein, JProf. dr Matthias Kuhl and Prof. Dr. Stefan Rupitsch from the Institute for Microsystems Technology (IMTEK) at the University of Freiburg and the architects of the new building, Ann-Kathrin Goerke and Matthias Solbach.
The new laboratory building has a total of 22 laboratories on 900 m2 of floor space, which has been designed in terms of building dynamics for the use of highly vibration-sensitive equipment. They comply with the vibration limit lines B and C of the so-called Vibration Criteria (VC) and are thus suitable, for example, for the operation of microscopes with magnifications of up to 1000 times or lithography and inspection equipment with structure widths of up to 3 and 1 µm, respectively. In the long term, this ensures the use of demanding measurement technology for ever-smaller structures and allows intensive research and development of quantum sensors such as scanning probes, wide-field and laser threshold magnetometers as well as laser-based sensor technology, and innovative semiconductor lasers.
The newly constructed MOCVD hall provides space for five state-of-the-art systems, which will enable Fraunhofer IAF to expand its epitaxial activities in the field of high bandgap semiconductors in particular. The four existing systems, which were moved from the clean room of the main building, were joined by a new system specifically for the deposition of aluminum gallium nitride (AlGaN) with high aluminum content. The new plant reaches temperatures of up to 1400 °C, which has a positive effect on crystal quality and homogeneity. Advantages also result from the hall’s equipment, which has autonomous regenerative processing systems, enabling more energy-efficient and sustainable manufacturing processes.
With 388 kWh/(m2a) for the laboratory building and 245 kWh/(m2a) for the MOCVD hall, the primary energy requirements of both new buildings are below the EnEV requirements for comparable industrial buildings. In addition, the flooring installed in both buildings is particularly environmentally friendly and will be recycled at the end of its functional life. The floor coverings are made from natural raw materials and German manufacturing, and their entire production cycle has a neutral CO2 footprint. In the MOCVD hall alone, 47 t of CO2 was offset by the flooring.
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